From small weepers through to small, medium and large shade and autumn colouring trees, the options they offer for garden design are almost limitless. The term refers to the quality of a maple tree's wood. Detailed descriptions, growing information and pictures of some of the best performing Seedless Maples. Commonly called full-moon maple or shirasawa maple, and similar in appearance to A. japonicum. This maple is the first choice for those seeking to make maple syrup, as the sap contains a larger percentage of plant sugars than with any other maple species. Maples found in Canada range from trees 40 metres or more tall (e.g., bigleaf maple, Acer macrophyllum) to shrubs less than 10 metres high (e.g. Red Maple Tree Varieties. Find Your Favorite Maple The maple tree family is a large one, and it includes trees of all shapes and sizes. 220 300 31. Landscapers use these trees to get quick results, but they may become a problem in the landscape as they age. Reds return to the tree with the fall color change. As with many widespread species, this tree carries several regional common names, such as soft maple, creek maple, river maple, white maple, and water maple. 521 432 98. Maple trees, with their distinctive leaf shape, are some of the most easily recognizable trees in the world. Its mature height is around 60 feet tall. Sugar Maples also grow into large shade trees by reaching heights of 55 to 75 feet, with a spread of 30 to 50 feet. This tree does well with urban conditions like salt and pollution. The vine leaf maple features leaves with three parts, a structure known as trifoliate. These trees have a reputation for being hard to grow, but this is largely undeserved. Red maple tree (Acer rubrum) varieties have distinctive palmate-shaped, green foliage that turns brilliant shades of red in fall. Most Maple species are deciduous, however a few species in southern Asia and the Mediterranean region are evergreen. Maple trees make their homes in various forests, reserves, and yards across the globe, most frequently in North America, Europe and eastern Asia. This medium-sized maple is a common landscape tree in North America, a classic shade tree with a rounded or oval-shaped crown. The Amur maple is one of the smaller trees in the Acer genus, growing either as a spreading multi-stem shrub or a small tree with a dense, rounded crown. Making up the Aceracaeae family, these lovely trees are found throughout the world, though tend to prefer relatively temperate climates. Of the many species of maple existing worldwide, only about 13 are native to North America.Some non-native species, such as the Japanese maple, are cultivated as ornamentals.While a dizzying array of varieties are usually available at your local nursery, most come from a few basic stock species. It has since become one of the most prevalent trees. Most maples are also moisture-seekers, and their roots may infiltrate water pipes or sewer lines if they are planted above them. Sap from this tree is higher in sugar than that of other maple trees and is thus commonly used to make maple syrup. Red Maple Tree genus and other classification is necessary information to know for every botanist. Related Images: maple autumn tree leaves fall nature leaf foliage plant. Regionally, this tree carries many different common names: scarlet maple, soft maple, Drummond red maple, Carolina red maple, swamp maple, trident red maple, and water maple. However, these yellow maple trees are not native and are considered invasive in certain states. The two most common maples are the sugar maple (Acer saccharum) and the red maple (Acer rubrum). In shape and size, this small tree looks similar to the Japanese maple and may be used in a similar way as a specimen tree. Genus is a group of plants which are related to each other in some or the other way. Autumn Blaze Maple is a hybrid cross between a red maple and silver maple. Among the many types of maple trees, a few stand out as kings and queens of their family. Once established, the Amur maple will have some drought resistance. The leafstalks are long and slender, and the blades palmately veined, meaning each has … Japanese maple trees can provide a striking focal point, be the perfect plant to set off a large container, or grow into an impressive bonsai specimen. Red Maple Tree Genus and Other Classification. Its leaves are nothing like what you expect from a maple. Sap from this tree is higher in sugar than that of other maple trees and is thus commonly used to make maple syrup. There are hundreds of Japanese maple varieties that come in various sizes with a large assortment of leaf shapes and colors that range from shades of green to orange, red, purple, and variegated. Trees of this variety are also native to the eastern United States and Canada, and are one of the most common tree varieties in the United States. The paperbark maple is often chosen for a landscape because of its cinnamon or reddish-brown colored bark that peels away from the trunk, even when the tree is young. The leaves are either green or red and come in a wide variety of shapes and textures—there are thousands of cultivars. Another desirable trait is the ability of many maples to tolerate drought. Japanese maple to the towering sugar maple that can reach heights of 100 feet (30.5 m.) or more, the Acer family offers a tree just the right size for every situation. The red maple ranges from southeastern Manitoba around the Lake of the Woods on the border with Ontario and Minnesota, east … Threats Climate change , resulting in warmer, drier weather overall, is perhaps the greatest threat to Canadian maples. This can be a somewhat difficult plant to find for sale, but it can make a good small tree or large shrub in the landscape. Red Maple Tree plant clade, plant tribe and order fall under the scientific classification of Red Maple Tree. Maple wood is used for furniture, flooring, woodwork, plywood, and firewood. The sap of the sugar maple generally takes the least time and energy to boil down, requiring 40 quarts of sap to render one quart of finished syrup. There are over 150,000 copies in print, and it has been printed in three editions. Eastern redcedar. It also is sometimes called by the common name Siberian maple. Greenish-white flowers in spring give way to red samaras, and the fall foliage is yellow or red. The elegant and diminuative Japanese maple (Acer palmatum) is a three-season winner in those climates where they're suitable, since there are cultivars that have beautiful chartreuse or deep red leaves during the spring and summer, giving way to yellow, red-purple, and bronze fall color. Red Maple. Look at the pictures of mature trees of your particular variety to see what a mature tree looks like and try to prune your young tree in that way. Water: Medium. Resistant to heat, drought, and air pollution, Norway maples are reliable varieties of maple trees that develop yellow and orange fall foliage. Japanese maple trees can provide a striking focal point, be the perfect plant to set off a large container, or grow into an impressive bonsai specimen. Restricted to the Pacific Coast, this tree is the most massive of … The Japanese Maple (Acer palmatum) is a fabulous addition to any garden and will grow from 0.5m to 25m offering a splendour of colour with its distinctive-shaped leaves.Originally cultivated in Japan (hence the name), the striking Japanese Maple with its gnarly trunk and pretty leaves (called momiji – meaning baby hands) have been popular garden additions since the 1800s. Branches are ascending at a 45 degree angle. The leaves in most species are palmate veined and lobed, with 3-9 (rarely to 13) veins each leading to a lobe, one of which is central or apical. The three-lobed leaves are medium green on the top surfaces, with bottom surfaces that are gray-green. Like the red maple, silver maple is a relatively short-lived tree when compared to the sugar or black maple, living perhaps 130-150 years. Maple trees are known for their flawless fall foliage, maple syrup, and overall classic beauty in the landscape. Keep reading to learn more about cold hardy maple trees and growing maple trees in zone 4. Big leaf maple is a massive, thick-bodied tree with furrowed gray or reddish-brown bark. If you happen to be in spring, try spotting some samaras on your tree. They are subject to wood rot, and landowners have to pay the high cost of tree removal or risk collapse. Buds long pointed, with 6-8 pairs of scales. There are many types of Maple (Acer) species, and this genus consists of tree and shrub growth form types.This genus contains mostly species that are deciduous trees growing to 10 to 45m (30 to 145ft) in height, see Maple pictures on this page. Spread: Varieties from 16 to 20 feet. They offer a great variety of form, size, and foliage; many display striking autumn colour. The lobes on some maples are mere indentations in the leaves, while others have lobes so deeply divided that a single leaf can look like a cluster of individual, thin leaves. From broad and spreading Norway maples, to columnar red maples, to short and shrubby 'Emerald Elf’ amur maple, you can find a maple to fit any planting need. Also known as field maple or common maple, the hedge maple is a small- to medium-sized tree that can serve as a shade tree in small landscapes or can be pruned to serve as a hedge plant in larger landscapes.Medium-green foliage gives way to yellow colors in fall. The red maple lives up to its name at many points throughout the year. Maple Leaves Leaves. The sugar maple is a large tree with a densely rounded crown. They are essentially winged seeds that twirl to the ground when ripe, much to the delight of children who get caught in a shower of “whirlybirds.”. From the little 8-foot (2.5 m.) Japanese maple to the towering sugar maple that can reach heights of 100 feet (30.5 m.) or more, the Acer family offers a tree just the right size for every situation. Many people decide to plant maples because they work well as shade, street, and specimen trees. This is a small rounded tree with narrow upright branches. Most of the maple species are deciduous woody plants, ranging from multi-stemmed shrubs to large upright trees with massive trunks. Maple Leaves Autumn. Fall leaf color is red, with yellows sometimes also appearing. Maples are deciduous trees characterized by opposite leaf arrangement and spectacular fall color. Shop trees and a variety of lawn & garden products online at Lowes.com. Paired keys with stalks longer than the wings: wings slightly divergent. Maples are deciduous trees characterized by opposite leaf arrangement and spectacular fall color. Although the tree is named sycamore, this tree species is in the genus Acer which means it is one of the types of maple trees. Maples are generally deciduous, with light-coloured, straight-grained wood. The closest relatives of the maples are the horse chestnuts. Its leaves generally have three lobes when the tree is young but the leaves on mature trees are not lobed. Freeman's maple offers a number of cultivars and these are more commonly planted than the species. If you have space for a tree, consider a maple (Acer spp. They can be grown in the garden, in containers and of course they are ideal s… Dwarf varieties are often used as ornamental shrubs, while larger cultivars are planted as small specimen trees. Maple species are also widely grown as ornamental trees on city streets and in yards across Canada, contributing aesthetic beauty, shade, erosion control and surface water management. Sign up for our newsletter. Because of its fast growth rate, however, mature trees can achieve diameters in excess of 3 feet and heights in excess of 100 feet. Maples trees come in various types. To make maple tree identification a little easier, let’s begin by dividing them into two main groups: hard and soft maples. There is some variation between cultivars of this tree, but most possess this feature to a greater or lesser degree. The green leaves turn yellow or brownish-gold in fall. The sugar maple, named for its bountiful sap, is the official tree of Canada. Numerous cultivars are available and are marketed based on fall color and habit. Vanessa Richins Myers is a seasoned horticulturist, garden writer and educator with 10+ years of experience in the horticulture and gardening space. Its’ uniform shape requires little or no pruning. With over a hundred species and nearly as many subspecies, maple tree identification can be tricky. The black maple is a large, deciduous tree 60 to 80 ft in height with a dense, rounded crown and a straight trunk up to 4 ft in diameter. Maple Tree Scientific Name: Acer Maple trees lose their leaves in the fall and can therefore be classified as deciduous trees. Soft maples include a wide variety of trees, such as red and silver maples. In some areas, this tree is known as the planetree maple. This plant has some cultivated varieties. There are plenty of cold hardy maple trees that will make it … This medium-sized shade tree has an attractive dense crown that is symmetrically round, but it is a shallow-rooted tree. Cold Hardy Maple Trees for Zone 4. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. With attention given to their location in the garden and some minimal care, they will thrive and increase in beauty every year. It also tends to resist leaf scorch from hot, dry weather better than many other varieties. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board. Japanese maple tree often refers to maple tree cultivars from Acer palmatum, and also may include maple trees from species Acer japonicum, and Acer shirasawanum (and even closely related species A. circinatum – N. American native). The paperbark maple is an excellent specimen tree for small landscapes, especially when planted near a deck or patio where it can be appreciated. The flowers are upright and green, yellow, or red in color depending on species, and the fruit appears in winged clusters which hold the seeds of this self-pollinating tree. It’s definitely the top choice if you’re interested in harvesting your own sap. In fall, this tree turns attractive shades of yellow, orange, or red. Maple Tree Types, A List of Different Types of Maple Tree Maple is an important food source for wildlife. Maple, (Acer), any of a large genus (about 200 species) of shrubs or trees in the family Sapindaceae, widely distributed in the North Temperate Zone but concentrated in China.Maples constitute one of the most important groups of ornamentals for planting in lawns, along streets, and in parks. Barbara Gillette is a Master Gardener, Herbalist, beekeeper, and journalist with decades of experience propagating and growing fruits, vegetables, herbs, and ornamentals. Many plant species within a genus have a similar appearance, but there can be surprises, as is the case with hornbeam maple. Japanese Maple Handbook Japanese Maples: The Complete Guide to Selection and Cultivation by J.D. Some trees may have leaves sporting several of these colors at once. Sugar Maple Sugar maple (Acer saccharum) grows 50 to 80 feet tall and up to 50 feet wide. Maple trees are known for their vibrant leaf colours in autumn. Leaves open with a reddish tint in spring. This colorful maple tree is a sure way to add winter interest to your landscape. Why should you care about Native Species and specifically Native Canadian Maples? They are dull green on top and a lighter color underneath. Compared with many other trees and shrubs they have few pests or diseases and are versatile enough to thrive in locations ranging from full shade to full sun. Let's have a look at the different varieties of maple trees. ); their large crowns and fall color make them attractive choices. It does, however, tolerate shade better than most large deciduous trees. Quick growth results in brittle branches that break and fall easily, often causing property damage. Sycamore maples grow to 115 ft. (35 m), have broad five-lobed leaves, and flaking rough bark that reveals inner orange bark. Desirable for their showy fall color, these deciduous trees are often planted by home gardeners who want a tree to shade their yard. It can also be used as a street tree if the power lines are high enough. These trees are important to the lumber industry and include black maples and sugar maples, known for their superior quality syrup. Acer ginnala is sometimes classified as a subspecies of Tatarian maple, carrying the label Acer tataricum subsp. It is not a popular landscape tree because it lacks fall color, but the sycamore maple can make a good shade tree and has good tolerance for salty conditions. One distinction between the two maple tree types is the rate of growth. The flowers are upright and green, yellow, or red in color depending on species, and the fruit appears in winged clusters which hold the seeds of this self-pollinating tree. The fruits of maples are samaras in winged pairs enclosing a seed that are dispersed by wind. Hard maples grow very slowly and live a long time. With red maples, manganese deficiencies are common in neutral to alkaline soils. Most notable are the freemanii cultivars. This species is closely related to the Amur maple. Large, 5-lobed leaf: Both the sugar maple and the Norway maple have this characteristic, with the sugar maple leaf having a few large teeth and rounded spaces between the lobes. Maple is one of the most beautiful and the most versatile trees. Maple trees are members of the genus Acer, which includes a lot of variety in size, shape, color, and growth habit. Fall color also varies according to variety, ranging from greenish-yellow to red to burgundy. Eastern flowering dogwood. It has the biggest leaves of any maple; the classic five-lobed, palm-shape leaves can be over 12 inches wide. Red maples (Acer rubrum) are native to eastern portions of the U.S. and tolerate warmer conditions than many maple types, being hardy in USDA zones 3 through 9.The tree quickly reaches a mature height of 75-feet and makes an attractive shade or specimen tree. Branching habit is well balanced with an oval to rounded crown and a strong central leader. This plant is sensitive to both heat and cold. The noble maple is a striking tree with well over one hundred species. Sycamore maple trees are enormous trees. Leaves Maple Tree. Varieties from 16 to 20 feet. While it is a good idea to keep most landscape trees properly watered throughout the growing season, a maple will produce its best fall color if watering is withheld in the last weeks of summer and early fall. Many parts of the red maple live up to the name. These fruits … This species can be a small tree or large shrub. Maple Tree Identification; Maple trees can be easily identified by their leaves. The 'Embers' and 'Flame' varieties have especially vibrant fall colors in both leaves and fruit. The wood of maples varies among species and is generally light in colour. Maple Tree Types. After the leaves drop, the tree's bark takes center stage with its bright coral-red color. It has been accorded national importance by the Canadian government since 1965 - the maple leaf features prominently on the national flag of Canada. 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