MSU is an affirmative-action, equal-opportunity employer. The seeds grow in a pair of "wings." Over the next few weeks, these seeds will rain down on lawns, decks, roofs and gutters in many locations. They're in 2-1/2" pots. Place germinants in larger planting media when necessary. Red maple seeds can be stored in the refrigerator for a few weeks if they are not allowed to dry out. How to Grow Silver Maple Trees. The root system of the tree grows shallow and will result in an uneven lawn. Once the seeds fall, the tree can redirect that energy back into leaf production. To have a digest of information delivered straight to your email inbox, visit https://extension.msu.edu/newsletters. The seeds appear on trees about a month after spring flowering, and mature at different rates. Instead, apply a 10-10-10 fertilizer next spring and every year thereafter. The bark is smooth on the branches and younger trees. To contact an expert in your area, visit https://extension.msu.edu/experts, or call 888-MSUE4MI (888-678-3464). Silver maples are a beautiful, relatively common maple tree that grows quickly. This is the time to collect them – when they’re brown and dry and falling from the trees. It is a highly adaptable tree, although it has higher sunlight requirements than other maple trees. Silver Maple flowers are produced mostly during the start of winter season having red, yellow and silver clusters. Bert Cregg, Michigan State University Extension, Departments of Horticulture and Forestry, and Tom Dudek, Michigan State University Extension - Silver maples and some red maples (but not Japanese red maples) will drop their seeds early in the growing season. About … It generally grows 50 to 80 feet tall, though a 10-year-old sapling will stand approximately 25 feet tall. Maple seeds develop in pairs on a stem, much like a cherry fruit. It is often found along waterways and in wetlands, leading to the colloquial name "water maple". When to Overseed Your Lawn. Seed collection: Red maple fruit is a samara. Silver Maple (Acer saccharinum): Silver maple seed matures in spring or early summer; collect immediately upon ripening. One crop we have in abundance, however, is maple samaras. These species do not go dormant, and there is no need for any special treatments. The branches and trunk commonly fork and require careful pruning. The seed is a paired samara or winged seed. Michigan State University Extension programs and materials are open to all without regard to race, color, national origin, gender, gender identity, religion, age, height, weight, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, marital status, family status or veteran status. BEECH, FAGUSThe American beech, F. grandifolia, is an exceptional, magnificent and majestic shade tree that definitely deserves to be grown more often in the landscape. The leaves of silver maple are dark green above and silvery underneath. Red maple -in late spring or early summer and fall. While it can be an excellent tree for landscaping, it also presents some undesirable characteristics. 7 Ways to Prepare Your Lawn for the Fall. The main reason for the heavy seed crop this year goes back to stressed growing conditions in 2011, which helped produce above average flower bud numbers. Did some research, and was told to give it fertilizer, which I did, and the leaves are worse than ever. Branching habit is well balanced with an oval to rounded crown and a strong central leader. Reference to commercial products or trade names does not imply endorsement by MSU Extension or bias against those not mentioned. The whirlybird shape causes mature samara to spin as they fall, propelling seeds considerable distances on the wind. Avoid fertilizing your maple tree this fall. If planted too closely to a foundation or sidewalk, the roots can cause upheaval of the walkway and crack foundation masonry. Growing silver maple trees are prone to forming deep holes or cavities that provide homes for raccoons, opossums, squirrels, bats, owls, and other birds. They resemble helicopters … Also, I was told to give the tree a granular insecticide, but not until the fall....Help!!! The silver maple tree is the fastest growing type of maple, making it ideal for planting in landscaping projects. • Northwood red maple (zones 3-9): A mid-size maple with early fall color • Marmo maple (zones 3-9): A maroon maple that can thrive in many soil types, including heavy clay • Sun Valley maple (zones 4-7): A shady maple with a fiery red fall canopy • Brandywine red maple (zones 4-8): A fast-growing maple with red-to-purple fall color It can recover from flooding and does well in poor, rocky soils. One of the most common characteristics is the silver maple seed that falls in the late spring like helicopters. A 10yearold sapling will stand about 8m 25ft tall. Great care is required when mowing the grass lawn growing at the base of the silver maple, as mower blades will likely strike the protruding roots. The tree is easily damaged on windy days and does not fare well in heavy snow or when coated in ice by freezing rain. The fast-growing silver maple can quickly became a high-maintenance nuisance for owners of homes and businesses. The leaves themselves are silvery white on the bottom, which is where the tree gets its name. These seeds can catch the wind and travel for some distance. Fruiting occurs in April-June, maturing about 3 weeks after pollination and all released over a short period, usually less than 2 weeks. Over the next few weeks, these seeds will rain down on lawns, decks, roofs and gutters in many locations. It appears my silver maple has a strong odor like cat urine - normal??? Like all maple trees, it has a five-pointed leaf and produces a prolific amount of seeds in the early spring. It is drought and moisture tolerant. The dense foliage that provides shade in the hot summer months demands late fall raking clean-up. Sugar maple – The samaras have 1-inch wings that ripen from early summer into autumn. Since both the silver maple tree and red maple tree are common landscaping trees probably the best place to buy them would be your local nursery. It blends the characteristics of both parents, and it may look more or less like either. The leaves of the silver maple resemble the five-pointed leaves of other maples. Fruits can also be collected after they naturally fall from the trees. We have a silver maple that is 30 years old... it seem to have a fungi growing on it, the leaves are dying and the branches are getting green spots all over it.... some of the branches have died.. what to do??? Step 2 - Stratify. Sugar and Black maple seeds mature later in the season and drop during late Its spread will generally be 11–15 m (36–49 ft) wide. Most of the horticultural news this spring has been dominated by what we don’t or won’t have this year due to late frosts; peaches, cherries, blueberries, plums and on and on. I planted a Silver Maple away from my well, septic system, and house, but it is close to the pipe that comes from the well into the house. Jeffrey W. Dwyer, Director, MSU Extension, East Lansing, MI 48824. Homeowners and landscapers may also notice that heavy crops of samaras can make the upper portion of maple tree canopies look sparse. When mature, they separate and whirl down from the tree on a single "wing." Autumn Blaze Maple is a hybrid cross between a red maple and silver maple. In a heavy seed year millions of sugar maple seed can fall in one hectare of forest. It is usually found growing in open sunlight along creeks and waterways. The tree is over 30 years old and appears healthy. Brian North/Getty Images 'Autumn Blaze' is a trade name for the 'Jeffersred' cultivar of a hybrid maple known as Acer x freemanii, which is a cross between is red maple (A. rubrum) and silver maple (A. saccharinum).It is a medium-sized maple with a dense, broad-oval crown. Many authorities recommend against planting silver maple. Cynthia, nitrogen fertilizers will cause more green leafy growth. All maples produce samaras, but red, silver and Norway maples often produce the largest quantities. Red and Silver maple seeds mature and drop in spring. Seed dormancy: Red maple has no dormancy. Harvest. The color and size of samaras vary among maple species, as do the number of days trees normally shed their distinctive seeds. 10 Things You Can Do With a Pile of Leaves. This information is for educational purposes only. Silver Maple Seedlings grows pretty well along sidewalks, fountains and sewer lines. It varies depending on the species of maple tree. It has grayish bark and dark green foliage that turns golden bronze in autumn. Give the tree some more time to catch up. There you should be able to find those varieties that are mature and ready for your yard. Future generations of sugar maples are dependent on seed produced by today’s mature trees. A 10-year-old sapling will stand about 8 m (26 ft) tall. On way to work, I pass a row of gorgeous trees in the fall. Sometimes Silver Maple can get magnesium deficiency in soils that are alkaline, above pH 7.5, which is better than Red Maple that can get it a... read more Silver Maple produces lots of large samara seeds with wings in spring that can be eaten by birds, squirrels, and … How long will it take to get the tree seedlings large enough to plant in my yard? Harvest them spring (May to June) after they turn from green to tan. It grows to 18 metres (60 feet)—higher under favourable conditions—with a short, stout trunk and Every spring, maple trees produce small flowers that turn into seeds. Trees as young as 22 years can produce some seed but the better crops are produced by much older trees – and sugar maple can live for 400 years. Photo credit: J.S. Maple trees (Acer spp.) Leaves open with a reddish tint in spring. Shredded leaves is amazing fertility for the soil. Twenty of the trees' whirligigs have grown to 6-8" tall. The silvery appearance of the leaves is very apparent during a moderate wind. It depends on what kind of maple tree you have, and each is on its own schedule: Silver maple – late spring. Silver maple, (Acer saccharinum), large, spreading tree, of the soapberry family (Sapindaceae), popular as a rapid-growing shade tree. May 11, 2012, 2012 provides a bumper crop of these maple “helicopters” and “whirligigs.”. Content is for informational or entertainment purposes only and does not substitute for personal counsel or professional advice in business, financial, legal, or technical matters. Branches are ascending at a 45 degree angle. However, with adequate moisture and normal summer temperatures, most people will not notice this by late June as trees will continue normal leaf development. It transplants easily when small and is ideally suited for growing in a nursery. This pipe is buried six feet down. Question: What is the life span of a silver maple? MSU is an affirmative-action, equal-opportunity employer, committed to achieving excellence through a diverse workforce and inclusive culture that encourages all people to reach their full potential. A slow-growing native of eastern North America, the tree can grow to about 100 feet tall, often with a nearly equal spread. … [single-card url="#"][/single-card] Similar Projects. The seeds of most maples mature in the fall and need a period of stratification, or cold treatment, in order to germinate. More commonly referred to as “helicopters,” “whirlers,” “twisters” or “whirligigs,” samaras are the winged seeds produced by maple trees. My silver maple tree had a landscape timber box around the base with a ground cover planted in it for about 8 years. When mature, they separate and whirl down from the tree on a single "wing.". Silver Maples' Appearance Like all maple trees, it has a five-pointed leaf and produces a prolific amount of seeds in the early spring. Call us at 1 315 4971058. Normally, a cold frost kills some blossoms, but this year the usual chill didn't arrive at the right time. Red maple seeds can be stored in the refrigerator for a few weeks if they are not allowed to dry out. The silver maple tree can become a real nuisance for a homeowner or business owner. How will I know when to move them to next larger pots, or can I jump to much larger all at once? As maple fruit ripens, it turns green to yellow to brown. Japanese maple seeds are ripe in the fall. The 4-H Name and Emblem have special protections from Congress, protected by code 18 USC 707. The small, edible nuts are very tasty but not that well known. Downed branches are common and a regular chore to dispose of. ACER saccharinum and over 1000 other quality seeds for sale. This is a gift not a curse. You can plant both seeds that have fallen to the ground and seeds you’ve picked from the tree. The leaves are constantly falling, and I rake every single day. Its’ uniform shape requires little or no pruning. This article was published by Michigan State University Extension. Silver maple is a prolific seeder and the seeds can clog gutters and downspouts. The tree can easily live for 100 years and have been known to live for 130 years. Its spread will generally be 11–15 m 35–50ft wide. When trees put a great amount of resources into seed production, leaf production takes a back seat and trees look sparser than normal. The seeds grow in a pair of "wings." It is relatively easy to grow Regarding leaves being a burden, mow them into your grass. Near waterways, beavers often eat silver maple bark and use their limbs for building beaver dams and lodges. For more information, visit https://extension.msu.edu. Silver Maple Seedlings grows in a vase shape. Issued in furtherance of MSU Extension work, acts of May 8 and June 30, 1914, in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Agriculture. As the tree matures, however, the trunk bark becomes rough and has a shaggy appearance. Without proper and frequent pruning high winds and ice can cause limbs to break. Culture: Silver Maple is easily grown from seed or softwood cuttings; it transplants readily and grows the most rapidly of all the maples. Silver maple is a tall, fast-growing, native tree of eastern North America. The silver maple tree is a relatively fast-growing deciduous tree, commonly reaching a height of 15–25 m (49–82 ft), exceptionally 35 m (115 ft). How should I loosen the dirt is this all roots? Is this a problem? What details make Lochinvar an attractive and romantic figure? Since it is fast growing, the wood is softer and more brittle than that of a slow-growing hardwood tree. Its spread will generally be 11–15 m (36–49 ft) wide. The silver maple tree (Acer saccharinum) is one the most common trees of North America. The tree should be fine, and the leaves should recover soon, barring any other underlying problems with the tree. These can become a nuisance, especially if they clog gutters and down-spouts or germinate in garden beds. When maple seed pods fall from a tree, these little maple tree spinners whirl and spin like blades on a helicopter. This article will examine the pros and cons of silver maples and the extensive care they require. More commonly referred to as “helicopters,” “whirlers,” “twisters” or “whirligigs,” samaras are the winged seeds produced by maple trees. Maple fruits or nuts, also called samaras, ripen and drop to the ground in fall, except for red and silver maples, which mature and drop in late spring or early summer. Show your Spartan pride and give the gift of delicious MSU Dairy Store cheese this holiday season! How to Germinate Japanese Maple Seed. I would love a couple of them in my yard. Answer: The life span of a silver maple will possibly surprise you! The red maple (A. rubrum) and silver maple (A. saccharinum) need no pretreatment and can be planted directly into the ground immediately after harvesting the seed. This species has become over planted. Some red maple trees will not drop seeds until autumn or winter; these require cold stratification. Here are a few reasons why silver maples can often be a nuisance: This article is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge. As noted, heavy seeding should not pose an issue for long-term tree health, but homeowners should be ready to rake, sweep and pull maple seedlings over the next few weeks. Collect seeds in late spring or early summer. It is commonly used for shade, but careful planning and estimation should be used when planting near homes or other permanent structures. Native to eastern North America, it is widely cultivated elsewhere. The silver maple is a relatively fastgrowing deciduous tree commonly reaching a height of 15–25 m 50–80ft exceptionally 35m 115ft. Establishment Silver maple may begin producing seed as early as 11 I have a silver maple, and I am so unhappy with it. Unlike the fruit tree crops, the timing and severity of our late freezes managed to miss the maple seed crop. When fully ripe, the fruit eventually … It grows almost anywhere in zones 3 - 7 under a wide variety of conditions; it survives seasonal inundation, poor soil and (surprisingly for a wetland tree) drought. It holds its leaves longer than most other trees. Its primary favorable characteristics—shade and fast growth—lend themselves to future problems with this species. All flowers on one tree are nearly synchronous. The roots are also known to invade septic fields and damage well pipes, requiring costly replacements or repair. I removed the wooden timbers and noticed the dirt around the tree is very hard and is about 14 inches thick. Richardson, Duke University. The tree requires ample lighting but provides excellent shade as the leaves grow densely. Todays video is about how to grow silver maple trees from seed. This type of issue is often present in commercial fruit tree orchards and is termed “alternate bearing” with some years a light crop of fruit and others being a heavy crop year. 'Autumn Blaze' is valued for its spectacular fall foliage color. Each seed is attached to a papery wing-like structure. produce winged seeds called double samaras, which twirl to the ground in late summer or early fall. All maples produce samaras, but red, silver and Norway maples often produce the largest quantities. Many ants surround the tree and yellow jackets were attracted to the area until I sprayed and removed the wood. Silver maple flowers in (February)March-April(May), before the leaves, usually before red maple. No stratification period required; sow seed at 0.25-1.00 inches in moist growing medium such as vermiculite, peat moss, or sand. 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