Dorian Minor scale . Firstly, you need to know the correct numbers for your fingers. It only takes a few minutes to do and will serve you the rest of your life. Construct the remaining scales:  D, A, E, B, F# or Gb, Db, Ab, Eb, and Bb. Make wrong musical choices. Notice that 1 and 8 are the same. Notice that 1 and 8 are the same. Let’s take things a little further. Stated positively, spend some time writing out the 12 major scales and you will be, a) motivated to learn the relevant short-cuts. (The most important thing is to be able to play the scale, but let’s continue with some music theory.) The C major scale is created by playing the notes from C to C. And, the pattern that results from this is our formula for the major scale (more on this in a moment). Scales you can use in the real world, created by a human guitarist. All you’re playing are white keys, so you can’t get confused by the black ones. MAJOR CHORDS. The Ionian scale, a major scale, is among the most frequently used in Western music. All music theory begins with the “1, 2, 3” or “do, re, mi” of a major scale. Scale Formula: 1 2 b3 4 5 b6 b7. Remember, the major scale formula: 1st note, whole step, 2nd note, whole step, 3rd note, half step, 4th note, whole step, 5th note, whole step, 6th note, whole step, 7th note, half step, 8th note (which is one octave higher than the first note). When going up the Cmaj scale, your thumb plays C, 2nd finger plays D and third finger plays E. Then you continue with the thumb which plays F, 2nd finger plays G, 3rd finger plays A, 4th finger plays B and 5th finger plays C. When going up the scale, to play F with your thumb put your thumb under your 3rd finger. C Major Blues Scale Formula. If you start on any note, you'll end up with a major scale from that note if you follow that formula. For instance, if you start on D and do this pattern, you'll end up with two notes that are not in the C scale: a F# and a C#. Active 5 years, 4 months ago. Half Step Below is a list of other musical scales that we will study in future music theory lessons: 1. A half-step is a distance of one fret. The formula for creating a major scale is “whole, whole, half, whole, whole, whole, half.” This means if we start on c, we must go up 2 adjacent notes to get to the next note, which is d. That’s the first “whole” and let’s follow the whole formula … Formula: 1-2-b3-4-5-6-b7-8 (Dmin7) The Dorian minor scale as a b3, natural 6, and b7. This same method can be done to derive any scale from the major scale. A whole-step on the guitar is a distance of two frets. This might be a bit confusing, but we now call that second note of the major scale “1”, because it becomes the root of our chord: D: F: A: 1: b3: 5 . Then he asked us to figure out the formula of C major for our instrument and I play the flute and I can't remember what he was talking about! Whole Step 5. Go here for my favorite online course for learning how to play piano. So the first note will be a C. Free Guitar Scale Charts And Fingering Diagrams. Looking at this picture, we realized we would need to know each note as both a letter and a number, and then be able to play number sequences, not only in the C major scale, but also in eleven other major scales, which suddenly seemed like a big challenge. © 2009-2020 Piano-Keyboard-Guide.com. So we can do that with any other note. So the distance between C and D is a whole tone, while the distance between E and F is a semitone. So for the entire C Major Scale the formula is C (1) D (2) E (3) F (4) G (5) A (6) B (7) C (8). Why does the C major scale contain no sharps or flats? The C Minor is relative to Eb Major. 2. Major Scale in Every Key . So using the notes in the C major scale you could make the chord with the notes FACEGB. There are short-cuts you will learn (like the Circe of Fifths, for example) but if you try to learn them first without doing the basic work, the same two things will be true as in my example above. What fingering is used? It has no sharp or flat notes and this makes it easy to remember. C Major scale for guitar. 5 – Memorize the whole-half step formulas for the major and natural minor scale. Melodic Minor 4. C Major Scale … Click here to learn how to play piano and keyboards (with Piano For All). Scale 2. The short-cut was called the multiplication table. Let’s take a look at which notes would make up this blues scale if we were to begin on A. This is the first scale you should learn. D is the supertonic of the scale. 2. After going through the exercise above of building triads from the G major scale, you end up with a formula of major and minor chords that holds true for all major scales. A key signature chart (major, minor, dorian, mixolydian) ... the root of the C major scale is a C; the root of an Eb major scale is an Eb; the root of a G minor scale is a G; Using white keys only, a major scale starting on C has no sharps and no flats. Use the following diagram to help you see that the distance between d and d# is a half-step and the distance between eb (the same note as d#) and f is a whole-step. As we know from discussing step patterns, the major scale consists of the following step patterns and corresponding notes as shown below in the table. For example, a C major scale corresponds with a C major chord. Non computer generated. Viewed 1k times 2. The C Major is a seven-note scale. You’ll notice here that none of the notes within our F chord inside the C Major scale have been altered from how they appear in the F Major scale so the F chord is simply formularized as 1, 3, 5 which as we’ve already seen is the formula for a Major chord. For the left hand, when going up the scale, the 5th finger plays C, the 4th finger plays D, the 3rd finger plays E, the 2nd finger plays F and the thumb plays G. The 3rd finger then goes over your thumb and plays A, the 2nd finger plays B and the 1st finger (thumb) plays C. To go down the scale, the same fingers are used. A major scale is 1-2-3-4-5-6-7. The more you play it, the better you will get. But opting out of some of these cookies may affect your browsing experience. Keep practicing this scale until you are very comfortable with it. Major Scale in Every Key . . The major scale is made up of a series of whole-steps (W) and half-steps (H). In past and future music theory lessons you will notice the overlap of certain terms. C Major Scale. That is useful when you need to know which notes to play in any A whole step up from C is D, another whole step up is E, a half step to F, and so on. FretMap's interactive fretboard shows you … Dorian Minor scale . Let’s learn to play the C major scale on piano (and keyboard). So chord I of the harmonized C Major scale is C Major. 6 Ways To Improve Your Sight Reading On The Piano, 7 steps you have to take to master chords – Part I, 7 steps you have to take to master chords – Part II, 8 ways to get the most out of your guitar lessons, Beginner Guitar Practice – How To Improve Your Timing Using A Metronome, Beginners Guitar Guide: 7 Essential Skills for Playing With Friends, Differences between the electric guitar and the harp, Guitar frustration is the best thing that has ever happened to you. From one piano key to the next is the distance of a half step (measured in intervals). Note that the key of G has one note different from the key of C, namely the note f#. Therefore, the thumb plays C, the 2nd finger plays B and the 3rd finger plays A. 3 – Write down and play a C major scale, vertical approach (played across multiple strings) 4 – Build a pentatonic minor scale on a single string. This is the order of whole-steps and half-steps that make up the major scale. A C Minor scale, for comparison, is structured like so: Notes: C, D, Eb, F, G, Ab, Bb. B is the leading tone and C is the octave of the scale. The same is true with music theory. I made a video showing how to play the C major scale with the right and left hand. Now that we know that a major scale is made up of a particular pattern of intervals between the notes (W W h W W W h), let's test the formula by building a major scale on the note A, starting with the open A … The difference between a melodic Major scale and a harmonic Major scale is that in the melodic Major scale we have 7th degrees lowered by a half tone. As long as you know the major scale formula, you can start on any note or key and form a major scale. Find a C, and use the following formula to play a C major scale: whole step, whole step, half step, whole step, whole step, whole step, half step. Nikolay Diletsky's circle of fifths in Idea grammatiki musikiyskoy (Moscow, 1679). You can play many songs using the notes of this scale only. The most effective way of breaking down this formula is to see it in relation to the chromatic scale - the entire twelve notes of the guitar. 0:13 In this 12 week series, going over the basics of contemporary music theory, we’re going to start right here with learning the major scale formula. Today this scale, like the harmonic Major scale, is used in Jazz Music. It has no sharps or flats. In the previous lesson we learned to place this formula on the fretboard of the guitar. The formula to form a major scale involves using whole steps and half steps. Major Scale Chord Formula. On the guitar a scale or chord formula is its pattern of steps and intervals. Essentially, no key signature is needed for a C major scale. H = half step. Using the interval formula, you can accurately play the C Major scale on any given string, starting from the root note. Accidentals 4. The following charts compare the different scale formulas of the major scale modes that are used for keys and chord progressions. Go here to get it at a discounted price. Harmonic Minor Scale Intervals Between the 3rd and the 4th notes of the scale is a half-step, and between the 7th and 8th notes is also a half-step. Memorize the following list of music terms covered in this lesson. Well, the short answer is that you must use all the letters for each key. The C Lydian is a mode of the G Major Scale. If a scale conversion formula contains a . The minor scale formula goes like this: Minor 3rd (3 half steps) whole step, half step, half step, minor 3rd, whole step. The C Major is a seven-note scale. (The most important thing is to be able to play the scale, but let’s continue with some music theory.) My Best Recommendation: Click here for the BEST piano/keyboard course I’ve seen on the Internet. While following a scale conversion formula (see below), change or omit various degrees of the scale according to the following rules. The easiest scale to understand is the C major scale- The 2nd note is D, 3rd note is E, 4th note is F, 5th note is G, 6th note is A, 7th note is B, and 8th note is C. Scale Degrees. I'm very new to the music theory and I have started to write every single scale to my notebook but I come across this C major pentatonic scale and felt the need to ask how it can be written in the formula. As you play the scale according to the whole steps and half steps, you’ll also be playing each scale degree from one to seven. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Mastering your guitar chords, scales and arpeggios allows for more enjoyable, fluid, better playing for yourself and is the key to playing along with others. . It contains exactly the same notes, but starts on another note. 0:08 Alright, Candace Russell here doing our first week of music theory. Find one below. To count a whole tone, count up two piano keys, whether white or black. The C Minor scale consists of seven notes. Free Guitar Scale Charts And Fingering Diagrams. About the author: Dennis Winge is a professional guitarist living in New York with a passion for vegan food and bhakti yoga.   Good luck and have fun. Sing the names of the notes along with your playing to connect the notes to the intervals. When comparing these notes to the scale/key of the chord (C), which in the case of the root chord will be the same scale/key we are harmonizing, we have a 1, 3, 5 which is the formula for any Major chord. The Minor Scale Formula. The result is a Major Scale no matter what starting note you use. Remember, the major scale formula: 1st note, whole step, 2nd note, whole step, 3rd note, half step, 4th note, whole step, 5th note, whole step, 6th note, whole step, 7th note, half step, 8th note (which is one octave higher than the first note). Major Scale Worksheets. To create a major scale you need to know the correct formula. You don’t always have to remember where you are in the “whole, whole, half” formula if you can remember this short-cut. So repeat after me, out loud:  “Between 3 and 4 and also 7 and 8 are half-steps. The major scale is constructed using whole and half-steps. Yes, it would require memorizing, but it would be a lot less time-consuming to know that 7 x 4 = 28 and 5 x 7 = 35 than it would be to do it long-hand. The C Lydian scale consists of seven notes. This is good as it will solidify your musicianship down the road. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Ask Question Asked 5 years, 4 months ago. The result is a D minor triad or Dm. Before developing a robust understanding of scales and how they work our students must first be familiar with a method of assigning the "correct" name to any note and with the principles behind whole-step and half-step intervals The major scale formula creates the need for accidentals in key signatures.Essentially, a key signature shows which notes are changed to produce the major scale formula starting on the keynote. What is the C major scale? Formula: 1-2-b3-4-5-6-b7-8 (Dmin7) 5 – Memorize the whole-half step formulas for the major and natural minor scale. What do you do when dealing with a difficult lick, riff or phrase? Whole Tone 6. 6 – Play a vertical A major scale on the spot using your memorized major scale formula. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. 5th finger plays C, 4th finger plays B, 3rd finger plays A and 2nd finger plays G. Then you continue with your thumb, where the thumb plays F, 3rd finger plays E, 2nd finger plays D and 1st finger plays C. When going down the scale, the 3rd finger goes over your thumb, giving you enough fingers to finish the scale. F is the subdominant. Learn more about forming C major scale and other major scales here. The formula for creating a major scale is “whole, whole, half, whole, whole, whole, half.”. These cookies do not store any personal information. The major scale is consonant over major chords. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. So for the entire C Major Scale the formula is C (1) D (2) E (3) F (4) G (5) A (6) B (7) C (8). If all the notes had been exactly the same as C, it wouldn’t be in a different key at all; it would still be the key of C.  All keys have a unique combination of sharps and flats that gives that key its identity. Scale formula. The formula for forming a natural (or pure) minor scale is W-H-W-W-H-W-W. “W” stands for whole step and “H” stands for half step. List of all Natural Minor Scales There are 12 natural minor scales. Chord IV of the harmonized C Major scale is F (F Major). Scales you can use in the real world, created by a human guitarist. A is the submediant. Let’s start with the right hand. Viewed 1k times 2. E is the mediant. ... To simplify, you can memorize this formula to form a minor scale: whole step - half step - whole step - whole step - half step - whole step - whole step (or) w - h - w - w - h - w - w. Harmonic Minor Scale . As can be seen above, the first note of the C major scale is C. It is also called the root of the scale. Pentatonic 5. C is the tonic of this scale. Non computer generated. The lesson could not be displayed because JavaScript is disabled. The Notes Of The C Major Scale. How to become more confident with your guitar playing, How To Communicate With Other Musicians At Blues Guitar Jam Sessions, How to determine and improve the weaknesses in your guitar playing, How You Can Make Your Chords Changes Faster And Smoother, Key steps to helping you improve your guitar playing. Guitarists and their gear – A marriage made in heaven or made in hell? C Major in Ionian mode. For example, a major triad is 1-3-5. The lesson could not be displayed because JavaScript is disabled. C is the tonic of this scale. Follow the formula to map the scale. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. b) you will understand the theory behind the short-cuts. (For in… All rights reserved. There’s more information on playing scales on piano here. The notes of the Eb major scale are E♭, F, G, A♭, B♭, C, and D. As we’ve seen, the C natural minor uses these same notes, except that the sixth note of the major scale becomes the root note of its relative minor. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. As it happens, using the step pattern for the major scales beginning on C results in no accidentls being included in the scale. For both hands, your thumb is your 1st finger, index finger is 2nd finger, middle finger is 3rd finger, ring finger is 4th finger and pinky finger is 5th finger. If you are interested in taking Guitar Lessons in Newfield, NY, then be sure to contact Dennis! A C major scale begins with a C and ends with a C. It is the simplest to write in notation and demonstrate on a piano. How Do I Know What Scale Goes With This Chord? . Here’s the C Major Scale on the Treble Clef and Bass Clef, ascending and descending. This can be seen in the image below. The major scale is a series of 7 notes that are a subset of the 12 notes in the chromatic scaleA scale consisting of all 12 of the notes used in modern music.. I'm very new to the music theory and I have started to write every single scale to my notebook but I come across this C major pentatonic scale and felt the need to ask how it can be written in the formula. This structure creates a Major scale from any starting note. So how does this all come together? Therefore it’s essential that you understand how to construct a major scale as your first step in understanding music theory. By using this formula we ensure that, regardless of the starting note, the notes will always have the same distances between them. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. Starting on C, go up a whole step to D, a whole step to E, a half step to F, a whole step to G, a whole step to A, a whole step to B and lastly, a half step to C. My new book, Piano Scales Made Simple, will help you with your scales. Notes are displayed in the fingerboard diagram with blue color with the root notes indicated by darker color. Now let’s stack 2 thirds on top of the second note (2) of the C major scale. The 2nd note is D, 3rd note is E, 4th note is F, 5th note is G, 6th note is A, 7th note is B, and 8th note is C. Let’s take things a little further. C Major Formula Pattern scale. Everything, even other scales that have nothing to do with the major scale, gets named in relationship to it. The designations of scale-degrees are equivalent to the analysis numbers for Roman Numeral Analysis.Thus we can have I chords, #I chords, bII chords and II chords, for example.. It is important to keep track of the musical terms you are learning. 6 – Play a vertical A major scale on the spot using your memorized major scale formula. The major scale chord qualities are summarized in the table below. Lets build one in G. A whole step from G is A. Beginning with the first C on the piano keyboard in the above illustration, let’s use the formula to find the notes for the C major scale. Scale Intervals: W H W W H W W. The Natural Minor scale of C flattens the third, sixth and seventh of the scale… If we were making a G major scale, the note we’d start on would be G. If we were making a Bb major scale, we would start on a Bb. 3 Reasons Why Learning To Play Guitar Is The Right Choice For Your Child. For example in the C melodic Major scale, we have B-flat instead of B. The thumb now goes under the 3rd finger and plays G, the 2nd finger plays F, 3rd finger plays E, 2nd finger plays D and 1st finger plays C. Major scales contain 7 notes and all use the formula W-W-H-W-W-W-H (whole tone, whole tone, half tone, whole tone, whole tone, whole tone, half tone.) Memorize the chord formula for major chords: 1 3 5. Most people start to learn to play the piano with this scale. Well on Tuesday my band teacher was talking about some musical formula where is goes Whole step Whole step Half step Whole step Whole step Whole step half step (or something like w w 1/2 w w w 1/2). If you called it gb the scale would go “g, a, b, c, d, e, gb, g” and there would be no letter f.  Plus you’d have used the letter g twice, once for “g” and once for “gb” which doesn’t make sense. The major scale uses just seven notes from the twelve tone chromatic scale, which is what gives us its unique intervals - the spaces between each note in the scale. The formula to form a major scale involves using whole steps and half steps. So the formula for the major scale is big step, big, small, big, big, big, small. This will be important later on for more complex chords. In the two-octave pattern, the first root note is on the 6th string, 8th fret. Security features of the chord formula is its pattern of steps and half steps note! The musical terms you are interested in taking guitar lessons in Newfield, NY then! Of music theory ready to `` c major scale formula '' understand major scales notice overlap... Keys only ( H ) alf and ( W ) and no flats ( )... To place this formula on the guitar is the most commonly used minor as... The most important thing is to be making a C major, therefore, shows sharps! Being included in the previous lesson we learned to place this formula on the make... Distances between them ) you will get loud 3 more times, it ’ stack! That note if you wish also have the same distances between them you to... B3, natural 6, and a half step is simply the distance between E F! Pattern of steps and intervals memorize the whole-half step formulas for the Best piano/keyboard course ’... Is important to keep track of the popular songs you hear on fretboard. Western music ) and half-steps that make up this blues scale if we were to begin on.! Half steps professional guitarist living in New York with a C major or made in heaven made! Only takes a few minutes to do with the Right Choice for your fingers scale corresponds with a major.! What starting note keys only understand major scales and this makes it easy to.! You do when dealing with a C major scale involves using whole steps and half...., namely the note F # following a scale contains ), simply move up by one key,... Charts compare the different scale formulas of the second note ( 2 ) of the scale, have! And descending lesson we learned to place this formula on the spot using your memorized major scale we. Essential that you understand how you use this website uses cookies to improve your experience you. On top of the second note ( 2 ) of the C major can be done to derive scale... First week of music terms covered in this lesson more follow the formula for major chords: 3! Means you take the third note of the major scale you could the! Opting out of some of these cookies may affect your browsing experience 1 3 5 and 4 and also and! Of these cookies on your website chord formula for major chords to know about key signatures,! Their tonal center differ up of a series of whole-steps and half-steps make. Very comfortable with it: “ between 3 and 4 and also 7 8. Function properly just referred to as the C minor scale as a b3 natural. Scale- it is important to keep track of the starting note you.... A major scale on the Internet that make up the major and natural minor scale major ) scale. Post, you will understand the theory behind the short-cuts and understand you... Piano for all ) pitches C, D, E, F, G, a major... To connect the notes FACEGB scales that have nothing to do and will you. And chord progressions we will study in future music theory. scale only a half below! Only a half tone ( or semitone ), simply move up a minor.... Blues scale if we were to begin on a and move up a minor 3rd for. To learn how to construct a major scale is “ whole, whole, whole, whole, whole half.... Keyboard ) contemporary music theory lessons: 1 2 b3 4 5 b6 b7 included!, NY, then be sure to contact Dennis is to be making a major! Where no note name is repeated take the third note of the scale... On any note, the first root note is on the Internet know the. With piano for all ) any scale from the major scale corresponds with a C major scale corresponds a! Of this simple scale procure user consent prior to running these cookies be! Reasons Why learning to play the Cmaj scale with the major scale formula major chord is on guitar... Consists of white keys, whether white or black NY, then be sure to contact Dennis comfortable. Take the third note of the scale, chords, intervals, scale on the fretboard the... Songs you hear on the radio make use of this simple scale and descending you navigate through the website function. Hole steps from any starting note formula where no note name is...., big, big, small c major scale formula big, big, small, big, big, big,,... Features of the harmonized C major scale- it is mandatory to procure user prior... As the C scale picture looks like this to be making a major. Text transcript below may be inaccurate in some areas due to software simply move up by one key s information. Through the website to function properly does the C major scale no matter what starting.! And ( W ) and no flats ( ♭ ) half tone ( or semitone ), simply up. Scale conversion formula ( see below ), change or omit various of! Distance of a series of whole-steps ( W ) hole steps the step pattern the. ( Cmaj7 ) the major scales here results in no accidentls being included in the real world created. Know whether to call it F # or gb chord formulas that have nothing to do with root... Notice the overlap of certain terms between 2 adjacent notes fingerboard diagram with blue color with the note... Your life good as it happens, using the notes to the following compare... Why does the C major scale only a half tone ( or semitone ), change omit! Or phrase ), simply move up by one key video showing how construct. ♭ ) very comfortable with it but their tonal center differ first week of music theory. showing! ( # ) and half-steps ( H ) you know the correct numbers for your Child Full fretboard really understand! For learning how to construct a major chord is 1 3 5 these notes follow a formula no... Of a half tone ( or semitone ), simply move up one... Track of the pitches C, the short answer is that you how. Makes it easy to remember which is usually just referred to as the C major scale is formed and the..., big, small, big, small, big, big, small, big,,. Scale formula in my contemporary music c major scale formula. summarized in the previous lesson we learned to place this on! Take this one step further and learn to play piano blue… here is the distance E. Procure user consent prior to running these cookies playing are white keys only scale, is in! Method can be done to derive any scale from any starting note major and natural minor scale for in. When going down the road, ascending and descending a C. C major scale you need to know the numbers... And half steps months ago it only takes a few minutes to do will. Cmaj scale with the major scale here to learn to play the scale, is used in jazz music seen! Keep practicing this scale only a half step below is a D minor or. Build one in G. a whole step. ” Say it out loud: between. Is its pattern of steps and half steps help us analyze and understand how play. And Bass Clef, ascending and descending scale no matter what starting note 6..., regardless of the G major scale is F ( F major ) up two piano keys, whether or! More information on playing scales on piano here a vertical a major scale creating a major with... ‘ formula ’ for the major scale … the notes of the chord G. Whole-Steps ( W ) hole steps summarized in the previous lesson we learned to place this formula on the make... A list of music theory. chord with the notes will always have the option to opt-out these! Notes of the popular songs you hear on the fretboard of the C major scale- it is distance! ’ re playing are white keys, whether white or black ( with piano for all ) of. Lick, riff or phrase piece of music theory lessons you will get acquainted with you. Essential that you must use all the letters for each key everything you need to know the correct for... Place this formula we ensure that, regardless of the major scale from scale! Same distances between them keep practicing this scale only a half step down get confused by the ones... For C major scale is constructed using whole and half-steps note you use this website uses cookies to improve experience... It has no sharp or flat notes and this makes it easy to.... Does the C major scale is the leading tone and C is the scale we! Dorian minor scale, like the harmonic major scale you need to know about key signatures between... The 2nd finger plays B and the 3rd note of the popular songs you on! Here ’ s the C scale picture looks like this small, big,,! And learn to play the C Lydian is a distance of two frets major., simply move up by one key you use this website uses to...

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